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F.S.A (Fabbrica Sikelia Automobili)


#61

In 1972 the Caravan Italia company commissioned the SVEL to create a small camper for four people to be produced in only 100 units. The result of the order was the “Mini 1000 caravan” model which fitted the 999cc three-cylinder engine produced by Auto Sud.
The main features were:
The seats with folding back that turned into beds.
The raised roof with luggage racks and bicycle racks.
Extending ladder to reach the roof rack and spare wheel.


#62

In 1970 the model “Special Tourism” was presented, a GT berlinetta born from the joint venture between the F.S.A. and Renoir, in France the car was sold under the name Vainquer and had different headlights, which provided the mechanical base and engine tuning respectively.

Thank you for your cooperation CMT, owner of Renoir.


Usines Renoir
#63

In 1947 the F.S.A. acquired, on political pressures that wanted to safeguard the workers, the Castelli Auto a small factory of racing cars and Gran Turismo, whose owner had died without heirs, and decided to make it his division to build the Luxury GTs.
Moreover from 1947 to 1961 Castelli Auto acted as a racing department of the F.S.A. in the World Championship Builders.

The first car designed in 1946 but sold since 1947 was the 2000 Sport a car suitable for racing in the class of prototypes up to 2.0 Liters of displacement.
The model marked a turning point with the previous tradition, namely that of supercharged engines. The suction was now natural, without compressors upstream of the power supply system, with overhead camshafts governing the two valves per cylinder. It fitted three Weber type carburettors and had single ignition with Migneti Morelli brand distributor. The engine displacement was 1988 cm³ and had a power of 141 hp.
The chassis consisted of longitudinal, transverse members and the bodywork was the work of Medirdo Fontuzzi, and was an aluminum two-seater speadster. The brakes were drum-type on wheels with hydraulic control. The suspensions were with Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bar. The front ones were double wishbones, while the back ones were crossbows. The gearbox was four-speed, while the steering was a worm gear.
14 copies were produced from 1947 to 1952 which won countless victories in their displacement class as well as thirty absolute victories.






#64

Also in 1947, the “1500 GT” model was presented, a berlinetta with four luxurious seats.
The engine was a reduced and weakened version, thanks to the use of standard carburettors, shortened exhausts and cams with thicker profiles, of the six-cylinder of the 2000 Sport which delivered 70 horsepower.
The bodywork designed by Taring recalled that of the 2000 sport but with the addition of handles and the contour of the headlights in chromed aluminum; furthermore the rough side grille, present in the bodywork of the 2000 sport, was replaced by three ventilation holes that followed the course of the side.
It was the first Castelli born explicitly as a road car, wanted by the new property F.S.A.
After a slow start the orders began to grow in fact the “1500 GT” was produced in 61 copies (5 in 1947, 9 in 1948, 25 in 1949 and 22 in 1950).





#65

The “Castelli 2000 GT” was presented to the public at the 1950 Turin Motor Show by Paninfarana, outwardly resembled the previous 1500 GT but differed in the doubling of the headlights, both front and rear, and for the air intake on the bonnet.
To get the 1988cc displacement, compared to the 1500 GT model, the stroke and bore of the 6-cylinder engine was increased which now supplied 100 HP. The dimensions of the chassis remained unchanged, compared to the 1500 GT, but the rear suspensions were revised taking inspiration from those, always solid axle leaf, used by Ferreri.
The interiors consisted of four luxurious leather seats and the presence of an FM radio.
The “Castelli 2000 GT”, which was destined for a few and was built semi-artisan in 80 units until 1954, made Castelli famous throughout the world as one of the car manufacturers producing the highest quality cars.


#66

In 1953, with the start of the Constructor World Championship, Castelli decided to participate with the “2500 Sport” model in a two-seater roadster prototype. it was built in five specimens and had the chassis in common with the “2000 sport”, even if with widened fenders and visible side discharge, on which the new 6-cylinder engine was assembled in accordance with the regulations of the new championship. He participated in the races of the seasons 1953-1954, such as the Mille Miglia and the Supercortemaggiore Grand Prix of Monza but without obtaining significant results. The car was therefore shelved, to develop the new 300S.
The engine was the six-cylinder in-line engine with 2495 cm³. The cylinder bore was 84 mm while the stroke was 75 mm. It had a double overhead camshaft and three Waber 42 DCO3 carburettors were installed.
The brakes were hydraulically operated on four wheels. The front suspensions had triangular arms with Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bar. The rear ones with transverse leaf spring, Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bar. The body was aluminum.