1988-> IP ICARUS (Internal model code: A50)
A new IP Icarus was introduced for the 1988 model year, spare for the station wagon which continued on the old A40 platform. Even if the styling was a step forward from its predecessor, it was still very conservative in an era where cars started to get much more smooth and streamlined. Even though slightly shorter than its predecessor, it was built on a 5 cm longer wheelbase, improving the ride. But under the skin, the technology was still fairly conservative, like on its predecessor struts up front and semi trailing arms in the rear. One difference, however was the new computer controlled automatic transmission, standard on the 3 litre V6, optional on the 2.3 litre V6 and on the 2.5 litre diesel. The 4 cyl diesel was inherited from the A40 while the V6 units was identical with the ones in the Ocelot, though no turbo was available.
The base model for private customers was the DX, available with all the engines. Featuring a steel sunroof, velour interior, tape player, electric mirrors, leather wrapped steering wheel on a tilt/telescoping column, digital clock, tachometer, tinted glass, centre armrests front and rear, power steering and real wood trim on the dashboard, it was far from a stripper. Safety wise, things like steel beams in the doors, extensive padding on the interior details, headrests and intertia reel seatbelts on all outboard positions (static lap belt in the middle), energy absorbing bumpers and a safe position of the gas tank behind the rear seat made it a fairly safe place to be in for its era, should a crash occur.
The GLX was also available with all three engines. Added was alloy wheels, glass sunroof, premium sound, front fog lights, cruise control, trip computer, leather upholstery, electric windows, air conditioning, heated seats front and rear, wood trim on the door panels, anti lock brakes and a drivers side air bag.
The top model, however, was the VIP, only available with the 3 litre V6. On the outside a different grille, clear front indicators and turbine alloy wheels was the big differences from the GLX. Inside, however, it featured a more luxurious 4-seater interior, with softer leather and more wood trim than in the DX, and added some gizmos like separate climate controls for the rear passengers, cooler compartments between front and rear seats, a leather/wood steering wheel, ambient lighting and provision for a car phone.
The A50 for the private customers was produced until the 1992 model year.
TECHNICAL DATA 2300 DX manual (3000 VIP automatic)
Wheelbase: 270 cm
Length: 469 cm
Width: 180 cm
Weight: 1317 kg (1381 kg)
Engine block type: 6 cyl V cast iron
Head: 3 valve aluminium OHC
Displacement: 2287 cc (2994 cc)
Bore: 81 mm (87.5 mm)
Stroke: 74 mm (83 mm)
Compression ratio: 8.5:1
Power output: 91 kW@5700 RPM (131 kW@6000 RPM)
Maximum torque: 175 Nm@2800 RPM (236 Nm@3900 RPM)
Fuel delivery: Multi point EFI
Tyre type: Radial
Tyre compound: Hard
Tyre dimension: 195/70R15 (205/65R15)
Rim type: Steel (Alloy)
Cornering: 0.82 G (0.83 G)
Top speed: 202 km/h (220 km/h)
0-100: 10.7 s (8.82 s)
Quartermile: 17.7 s (16.62 s)
Brakes F/R: Vented disc/solid disc
Braking 100-0: 41.6 m (41 m)
Price (recalculated to todays values): $20400 ($29300)
The Icarus Fleet replaced the old A20 Fleet with its roots in the late 60s Icarus. Mainly intended for customers like police and taxi, it was a bare bones affair. Gone was the plush interior from the regular models, instead it featured a very simple vinyl interior with bench seats. On the outside, it was simplified with lots of unpainted plastic trim and round sealed beams replacing the composite headlights.
1998 the Fleet got an update. Composite headlamps was added on the outside, as well as new taillamps. The interior got somewhat less bare bones and for safety a drivers side airbag and ABS brakes was added. A 2.7 litre turbo diesel replaced the old 2.5 litre N/A diesel with its roots in 1963, becoming the only engine since the V6 versions was dropped.
In 2008, many people was probably surprised when the Fleet got yet another update. Most people thought that it was doomed, however it was still a seller in mostly developing markets. The taillights got clear lenses, as well at the completely new headlights. There was now integrated indicators in the mirrors and the door handles was updated to the version used by most IP cars back then. On the inside, the front bench seat was replaced with buckets, for safety a passenger side airbag and side impact airbags was added, as well as a rear centre headrest and 3-point belt. The old hydraulic power steering was replaced by an electrical unit, and the automatic transmission got 5 speeds instead of 4. The wheels was enlarged from 15 to 16 inches and it finally recieved rear disc brakes.
Finally in 2018, the fleet got what seems to be its last facelift. Once again, a new headlight type, as well as LED lights in the rear. The news when it came to technology mainly was limited to electronic stability control.
The production of the fleet is scheduled to end in 2022 with no direct replacement.