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Leviathan Motor Company (Remastered): Now with borders everywhere


#1

The Leviathan Motor Company

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The Leviathan Motor Company is a Detroit based luxury brand founded in 1947 by David Townsend. LMC found early success in the crowded premium and luxury markets with the Captain line and rapidly expanded into new territories. The company’s interest in motorsports received a jumpstart when LMC landed a partnership with Rigore Engineering, supplying the Spectre RS1400 with powerful Boxer-4 engines which made an entry into the 1952 Corso di Fruinia possible. Soon after, LMC developed its first real sports car, the Halcyon. The Halcyon was a precursor to the Maladus, a model that has kept a place for LMC cemented in the US sports car market through the company’s high points and hardships since the early 60’s.

(I’ll fill this out more as I go).


#2

1951


Captain


1951 Captain Series 6

The Leviathan Captain was the first full production model by LMC. It originally came in coupe or sedan form designated by the Series 6 and Series 8 monikers respectively. It was powered by a 280 OHV V8 “Serpent” producing 160hp. Equipped with a unique 4-speed manual or an optional 4-speed automatic, the Captain was capable of a sub-11 sec 0-62 mph time, which was very quick for its day.

The interior was not quite as lavish as its competition, but it was very reliable and relatively cheap to maintain. It had leather and cloth seats with a rosewood accented dash. Its impressive performance and affordability earned it Best Upscale Car by Motor World Review in its first year of production.


1952 Series 8 Auto-matic

1954



LMC Captain Advertising from 1954

In 1954, the Captain recieved its first major update featuring a plethora of interior options and improvements as well as a facelift. The 280 V8’s output was increased to 173 hp and the 4-speed automatic became the more popular choice for the transmission. The Captain also gained a front sway bar and re-tuned suspension for better stability.

The '54 Captain line greatly expanded it’s color options to go with it’s bolder look. New to this year was a Frigidaire air conditioning system, which was controlled in-dash by a switch with 2 settings: low and high. It was an expensive option few cars sold with initially, but it was the first of many luxury technologies LMC would be early adopters of.

1956



1957 Captain Series 6 Convertible Delxue

The Captain recieved another change in styling, this time making increasing the length of the car, enlarging the grille, and adding tail fins to the design. Mechanically, little changed for the Captain, but the LMC lineup was expanded. 1956 was the first year the Series 6 finally got a convertible. A new Deluxe trim was added to the lineup, which included full leather interior, a/c, the works.


1956 Captain Series 6 Deluxe


The last '57 Series 6 Model


#3

1952

Spectre


1952 Spectre RS1400 in testing

Shortly after the debut of the Captain, LMC sought to compete in motorsports with a new light sports car: the Spectre. Made in time for compete in the 1952 Corso di Fruinia, it’s short development was largely thanks to partnering with Rigore Engineering to use their 1.4L Boxer-4 engine rather than trying to engineer a new inline-4 for themselves. Versions of the LMC-tuned Rigore boxer engines ranged from 129-140 hp.

The Spectre did admirably for it’s first event, but fell short against the more experienced teams. The #21 RS1400 managed to earn 11th place in its class at the Corso di Fruinia. While the car was powerful for it’s class, it was far outmatched in aerodynamics as the car struggled to push past 100 mph.

While the Spectre ultimately wasn’t as successful as LMC had hoped, it was enough for the company to continue competing and developing sports cars. From 1952 to 1954, LMC produced a handful of hand built road-going versions of the Spectre by request. No two 1400S models were exactly the same, but all featured de-tuned engines with a baffled exhaust and better road manners. There are no known surviving examples of the 1400S today.


1953 Spectre 1400S


#4

Your decision to reimagine the entire history of LMC has already paid off - everything you have (re)made looks and feels better, especially with all that flavor text. Well done.


#5

1957


Halcyon


1957 LMC Halcyon Coupe

The Halcyon was the first mass produced sports car by LMC. Inspired by the sleek European GT cars from the likes of Scagliati and others, the Halcyon’s styling aimed to stand out as one of the most prestigious coupes on the road. A newly developed 245 OHV Inline-6 came standard with the new car, with a more performance tuned version of the 280 V8 also available. The I6 produced 175 hp while the V8 made 202 hp. All models came with a 4-speed manual. The Halcyon’s interior was kept to the same standard the later Captains set when it came to materials and craftsmanship. The coupes had a 2+2 seating configuration and the cabriolets were 2 seaters.

1960



1961 Halcyon Coupe

The Halcyon received a sleeker new facelift in 1960, with a modernized grille, much less pronounced tail fins and cleaner colored accents. The only major change to the 1960 model year was the addition of front disc brakes. The 245 I6 was now producing 182 hp while the V8’s output reached 212 hp.


1961 Halcyon V8 Coupe

The 1961-62 Coupe V8s were the fastest of the Halcyons. With a 0-62 mph time of 7.7 seconds and a 1/4 mile time of 15.76 seconds, they were a force to be reckoned with. It also had an impressive top speed of 137 mph. Production of the Halcyon ended in 1962 with 8,629 units produced. While the Halcyon is somewhat overshadowed by the long-running Maladus, it was a huge milestone for the company and are very valuable today.


1960 Halcyon Cabriolet


#6

1959


Maladus Concepts


1959 LXS-47

Following the release of the Halcyon, work began on a successor with a goal to make a sports car more aerodynamic, lighter, and more powerful. Early design prototypes experimented with low swooping fastbacks and sharp edges. The car was meant to have a fiberglass body on a steel unibody chassis. A new 357 V8 was in development as well for the new sports car.

1961


Sprezzatura


Sprezzatura replica based on a '64 Maladus Cabriolet

In 1961, an opportunity arose for the Leviathan Design House to create a one-off coach-built Scagliati 325. The proposed design, the "Sprezzatura 325", ultimately wasn't accepted, but it made progress on the evolution of the design that would eventually become the Maladus Cabriolet.

1963


Maladus


1963 Maladus Coupe

After a long development, the first generation Maladus was released in 1963. It originally came with a choice between the refined 280 V8 or the new 357 V8. The 280 produced 270 gross horsepower (216 hp) and had a 0-62 mph time of 7.5 seconds. While the 280 was better suited for a daily driver, the 357's power output dwarfed the older engine with 352 gross horsepower (282 hp). The improved acceleration was good enough for 0-62 mph in 6.9 seconds and it reached a top speed of 143 mph, the fastest Leviathan at the time. At its lightest, the fiberglass coupe weighed 2,420 lbs with the 280 and 4-speed manual equipped.

The Maladus came with either a 3-speed automatic or a 4-speed manual. It was equipped with disc brakes in front and drum brakes in the back as well as independent rear suspension. The interior was of premium quality, but not as lush as the other LMC coupes and sedans for the purpose of saving weight and production costs. The Maladus would sell more than the entire production run of the Halcyon in its first year with 11,634 units produced.


1963 #24 Maladus GTS-R

The Maladus was also built to compete in motorsports. The '63 GTS-R entered the in the 1963 World Sportscar Championship. Its 357 V8 was heavily modified to output 490 gross horsepower (394 hp in game). Heavy emphasis was put in aerodynamics to maximize use of its powerful platform. A front lip was fitted to battle front end lift that plagued the Maladus in early testing. The GTS-R would go through many iterations after this first model to try and stay on top in the fierce World Sportscar battle between manufacturers.


A '64 Coupe along with a GTS-R

1966



1966 Cabriolet

The Maladus saw minor changes throughout its run. By 1966, the 357 V8 could make up to 365 hp and the fastest trim could go 0-62 mph in 6.4 seconds. Rear disc brakes were the biggest addition which allowed the heavier cabriolets especially have better performance under hard driving. Visually, the design was cleaned up some with the non-functional vents removed from the hood and changes to the side vents, taillights, and rims. Production ended for the first gen Maladus in 1967.

Model 1963 Maladus Coupe
Layout Front longitudinal RWD
Chassis Galvanized Steel Monocoque with Fiberglass Panels
Suspension Front Double Wishbone and Rear Semi Trailing Arm
Brakes Front Solid Disc and Rear Drum (SLS)
Transmission 4-Speed Manual
Weight 2,650.2 lbs
Engine 357 ci (5.85L) V8
Power Output 282 hp @ 4400 rpm, 354.6 lb-ft @ 3700 rpm
0-62 mph 6.91
1/4 mile time 15.06
1 km time 26.41
Mpg (US) 11.9

(Sorry for the constant updates, I’m testing out some CSS)