IP Automotive LTD. (Model overview: IP Freeway Star)



1932: Company founded as a heavy duty truck manufacturer in Ariya.
1948: First passenger car released, the IP Lily. Passenger car/light truck branch is given the name IP Automotive, with IP standing for “International Production” since there was an aim for export already from the start.
More on company history coming soon.


URBANA (1982->) - FWD supermini hatchback
NEUTRON (2010->) - FWD supermini hatchback (all electric)
COLIBRI (1970->) - FWD compact hatchback
DRYAD (2005->) - FWD medium sedan
VAGANT (1967->) - FWD large sedan
CELESTIA (1963->) - RWD/AWD large sports sedan
BOLERO (2005->) - RWD/AWD large luxury sedan
ROYALIST(1956->) - RWD full size luxury limousine

CALYPSO (2012->) - FWD/AWD subcompact crossover
OPERA (2021->) - AWD compact crossover (all electric)
PAMPAS (2006->) - FWD/AWD compact crossover
REXETTA (1993->) - FWD/AWD compact crossover
DORADO (2002->) - FWD/AWD medium crossover
TERREX (1987->) - RWD/4WD medium SUV
BATTALION (2004->) - RWD/4WD large SUV
BRIGADIER (1951->) - 4WD large SUV

BOULEVARD STAR (1982->) - FWD/AWD medium MPV
FREEWAY STAR (1977->) - FWD/AWD medium van
TURNPIKE STAR (1997->) - FWD/AWD large MPV
HIGHWAY STAR (1965->) - RWD large van

FLAIRE (1960->) - RWD sports coupé
GT/TA (2008->) - AWD sports coupé

RUGGER (1948->) - RWD/4WD medium pickup truck
TAIGA (2004->) - RWD/4WD large pickup truck

More info about current models coming soon.


COMMUTER (1966-2006)
WARBLER (1973-2006)
LILY (1948-2004)
ROYAL VAGANT (1989-2003)
OCELOT (1981-1993)
LIFESTYLER (1996-2007)
ICARUS (1960-2004)

FLORETTE (1983-1998)
PANDORA (1975-2004)

RETROAD (1987-1990)
RUBIQ (1994-1997)
DM3 (1998-2019)

More info about discontinued vehicles coming soon


March 2021:
Flaire production ends, successor is delayed.


Since I decided to do a third and hopefully last reconstruction of this company, I decided that there was no way to get a good overview and structure in my old thread anymore. I could not really do what I wanted with the company in 2018, now Automation, and my knowledge and inspiration, have improved so I finally can do what I want. So old thread is not actual anymore for anything but archive purpouses.


The Rubiq reminds me of the original Toyota RAV4 - a soft-roader built using an existing passenger car platform, but with more ground clearance for better all-terrain ability. Given its boxy styling, however, the lack of an AWD option seems odd to me, and may explain why it didn’t last very long.

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First, we want to thank you for showing interest in the 1973 range of our sedan models. At the time of print, the information is this brochure is as accurate as possible. However, at IP we always strive to improve our products, and may at any time introduce changes that makes information in this brochure obsolete. To be sure to always get the latest and most accurate information, contact your local IP dealer for questions.


Page 4-5: Colibri
Page 6-7: Commuter
Page 8-9: Warbler
Page 10-11: Lily
Page 12-13: Lily Six America
Page 14-15: Celestia
Page 16-17: Vagant
Page 18-19: Icarus



The IP Colibri is small on the outside, but don’t judge a book by it’s cover. As our first model ever, it features a transversely mounted engine, driving the front wheels. A layout that not only does save space and makes it surprisingly roomy on the inside, it also gives superb traction and secure handling in even extreme weather conditions.

The low weight and nimble size makes it easy to drive even in the most crowded city traffic. The 1.1 litre 4-cylinder OHV engine is sparse on fuel, yet feels frisky and quick. A 4 speed manual transmission ensures that you can always keep it in an optimal rev range. Coil springs all around gives greater comfort - better handling. This 2 door fastback sedan is available in multiple choices, as economical S model, comfortable SX or sporty GT model.

If you haven’t driven a small car in a while we recommend you to test drive the IP Colibri. Chances are that you will get a surprise by the fact that some small cars are actually more than only small!



We understand why many people are impressed that you can get a brand new car for a price this low. But at IP we think that economy is so much more than just a low purchase price. A car should hold up well - the cheapest repair is the one that never has to be done. It should of course be sparse on fuel, be cheap to service, and should the worst happen, parts should be priced at a sane level and easy to replace. All of that is true when it comes to the IP Commuter.

But don’t think for a moment that we have cheapened out when it came to design and engineering. The Commuter has everything that you can expect from a modern car, and is able to carry four people both safe and comfortable. The 1.2 litre inline four is not only economical but also offers decent performance and high levels of build quality and reliability. The Commuter is available as 2- or 4 door notchback sedan, as an economical S, comfortable DX or sporty GT model. With a 4 speed manual or 3 speed automatic transmission.

If you are looking for the concept of total economy, look no further than the IP Commuter series!



The IP Warbler is an all new model for 1973. It slots in between the Commuter and the Lily, which also means that it is the perfect amount of car for many people. It also features high levels of engineering that you rarely find in this price class. Coil springs both front and rear, front disc brakes and radial tyres are standard equipment, as an example. The range of 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 litre 4-cylinder engines all features both overhead camshaft technology and an aluminium cylinder head.

The Warbler is simply a new definition of the term “to get a lot of car for your money”, and that is meant in a good way. “A lot of car” is so much more than just a lot of metal. This four door sedan is sized small enough to be nimble in everyday traffic, yet large enough to suit all of your and your family’s needs. Available as economical S model, comfortable DX or sporty GTX model. With a 4 speed manual, 3 speed automatic or (GTX only) even a 5 speed manual for sporty driving and better fuel economy. And if what you get isn’t enough there is a decent list of options to choose from.

If you need a lot of car, but not a lot of metal, we think that the Warbler is just right for you!



When we started passenger car production in 1948, the Lily was the pioneer. That of course means that the Lily is the model that always will have the special place in our heart, and it also means that now when we present a new Lily for the fifth time in history, it is not a light hearted attempt. We have put lots of effort into ensuring you that this is the best Lily we have ever made. It is larger, roomier, more comfortable, more powerful and safer than ever before - exactly what you could expect and need the most from a family sedan. Of course, the high level of technology that was present already before is nothing that we have left out. Very few cars in this class does offer things like 4 wheel independent suspension, overhead camshaft, aluminium cylinder head, front (and optional rear) disc brakes, radial tyres and much more, especially not at the same time. This 4 door sedan is available as an economical S, comfortable DX, sporty GTX or luxurious GLX model. With a 4 speed manual, (GTX and GLX only) 5 speed manual or 3 speed automatic transmission. With an 1.6, 1.8 or 2.0 litre inline 4 cylinder engine.

But we will never forget our roots - the will to make an economical, reliable mode of transportation that will be loved by families all over the world. And we are pretty sure that we have succeeded this time. After all, we have done it four times before.



The IP Lily has been a sales success in USA and Canada, as well as in many other parts of the world. But many people there wanted a little bit more. A Lily that was a little bit larger. A Lily with a smooth 6 cylinder engine. With power steering, automatic transmission and all the luxuries you only would find in larger and more expensive cars. So we did exactly that, and introduced the Lily 6 America.

And fact is, that we were so satisfied with the results, so we decided to give the rest of the world the chance to buy one too. Because why should the north American market keep a concept this good only for themselves?

The IP Lily 6 America is a 4 door sedan with 4 wheel disc brakes, a smooth 2.2 litre inline 6, 3-speed automatic transmission and all the luxuries you could expect in an upmarket car today. Of course, it still features everything that have made the IP Lily series such a great and popular line of cars, like 4 wheel independent suspension and overhead camshaft.

The Lily 6 America. A little bit more, a little bit better.



The Celestia has proven successful on the racetrack since its introduction 10 years ago. With powerful engines and superb handling, that’s nothing that surprises us. What might surprise you is how much of the racing pedigree that is present in the 4 door Celestia sedan. The 1.8 or 2.0 4 cylinder engines, as well as the 2.2 or 2.4 litre 6 cylinder engines are all peppy, frisky units thanks to overhead camshaft technology. The 4 wheel independent suspension and grippy radials keeps the car planted to the road. The 4 wheel disc brakes will make sure you stop in time. The sporty interior aren’t shy to tell you that this is the car that is developed on the racetrack as much as by our engineers.

But performance and handling isn’t everything. A family sedan should still be sensible, safe, reliable, economical, practical. And you don’t have to sacrifice any of that when opting for a Celestia, wheter you choose a 4 or 6 cylinder model, manual or automatic, in DX, GLX or GTX trim.

Many other family sedans, though, makes you sacrifice sportiness for those things. When you take a look at an IP Celestia, you will immediately start to wonder why.



Take a look at the IP Vagant, and you will easily be fooled into thinking that the car is much more expensive than it is. The elegant shape, the classy ornamentation, everything is something you could only expect from cars in a higher price class.

Then take a look at the engineering. Four wheel power disc brakes, four wheel independent suspension, power rack and pinion steering, smooth 4- or 6-cylinder engines with overhead camshaft alloy heads. This is clearly an upmarket car, right?

Close the door, and hear the absolutely rattle free sound of solid build quality. Look at the velour button tucked upholstery, the woodgrain inserts on the dashboard, the thick carpeting, the leather wrapped steering wheel. No doubt that this is an expensive car.

Take a ride and the comfort and smoothness will really convince you. Yet, this is a sanely priced family sedan, that will take the experience of a luxury car down to earth, wheter you choose the entry level DX model or the more luxurious GLX.

We bet that this is an offer that is hard to resist, right?



The very finest sedan we offer for 1973 is the IP Icarus. Of course, it features all the technology you could expect, like our famous 4 wheel independent suspension, 4 wheel disc brakes, overhead camshaft (except 2000 DX-D), power steering and much more. The vibration free, smooth 6-cylinder 2.6 litre engine is in a class of its own, but if you rather want an economical 2 litre 4-cylinder diesel, you can get the 2000 DX-D model. Another choice is between 3 speed automatic or 4- or 5-speed manual transmissions. Already the DX and DX-D models features a high level of equipment, but if that is not enough you can get a GLX, or even a VIP that is hardly missing any feature you can think of in a luxury car of today. Or how about 4 independently adjustable leather seats, air conditioning with cooler compartments between the seats, 8 track player with individual volume controls for front and rear, real wood inserts and electric windows all around? The Icarus 2600 VIP has all of that.

If you can’t settle for the second best, you can settle for an IP Icarus. It is hardly second to anyone at all.






The Lily was introduced for the 1948 model year, as a small sedan, but grew considerably for more or less every generation. In 1973, a 6 cylinder more luxurious version was introduced as the “Lily 6 america”. One of the milestones was in 1985, when the Lily switched from rear- to front wheel drive. In 1989, the Lily V6 america (as it now was called) was replaced by the new front wheel drive IP Vagant (renaming the older, larger rear wheel drive Vagant the “Royal Vagant”). The last IP Lily was built in 2004, since IP was reducing its somewhat messy passenger car lineup. Both the Commuter, Warbler and Lily all was replaced by the IP Dryad.

Generation 1 (F10): 1948-54

Generation 2 (F20): 1955-62

Generation 3 (F30): 1963-67

Generation 4 (F40): 1968-72

Generation 5 (F50): 1973-79

Generation 6 (F60): 1980-84

Generation 7 (F70): 1985-89

Generation 8 (F80): 1990-94

Generation 9 (F90): 1995-99

Generation 10 (F100): 2000-04



The 4A series is one of IP:s most produced engines ever, being used for over 40 years in passenger car applications, as well as being sold for marine or industrial applications for many years, you can simply find them everywhere.

The 4A is an inline 4 cylinder engine. It features an overhead valve design with pushrods, a cast iron block and an aluminium cylinder head. Originally, it was released in 1966 for the new IP Commuter, since IP did not have a modern engine at the time that was small enough for that car.

THE 4A11
The 4A11 version was the original version, produced between 1966 and 1983. It had a bore of 70.5 mm and a stroke of 71.5 mm, resulting in a displacement of 1116 cc. All 4A11 engines features one single barrel eco carb. Due to the engine being seen as too “weak”, there was never a 4A11 engine available with a catalytic converter. After 1974, the 4A11 could run unleaded gasoline without any problems though.

The 4A11 has a power output of between 42 and 46 hp, and a torque between 76 and 83 Nm, depending on market and model year.

IP COLIBRI: Gen 1 (J10) 1970-78, gen 2 (J20) 1979-83
IP COMMUTER: Gen 1 (U10) 1966-70

THE 4A12
The 4A12 was introduced for the 1970 model year, and produced until 1988. With the bore increased to 73 mm, the volume grew to 1197 cc. Most 4A12 engines features a regular 1-barrel carb, except for the 4A12TC2B that was available as an option in the J10 Colibri GTX, that has two (along with raised compression, a “hotter” camshaft and a tubular exhaust header). In 1974, the 4A12 (except for the twin carb version) was modified to be able to run on unleaded gas, and a catalytic converter became optional. Depending on market, model year and emissions equipment, the single carb versions has a power output of between 42 and 55 hp, and a torque between 84 and 90 Nm. The twin carb version has a power output of 64 hp and a torque of 93 Nm.

IP COLIBRI: Gen 1 (J10) 1970-78, gen 2 (J20) 1979-83
IP COMMUTER: Gen 1 (U10) 1970, gen 2 (U20) 1971-75, gen 3 (U30) 1976-80
IP FREEWAY STAR: Gen 1 (E10) 1977-88

THE 4A14
The 4A14 was produced between 1973 and 1988. Originally introduced for the IP Warbler as a budget alternative to the 1.6 litre OHC IP 4L engine, with the bore increased to 76 mm and the stroke to 77 mm, the volume grew to 1398 cc. Already from the start, the 4A14 could run on unleaded gasoline, and a catalytic converter was optional. All 4A14 engines has a single 1 barrel carb, and the power output varies between 50 and 60 hp depending on model year, market and emissions equipment. The torque is between 85 and 100 Nm.

IP COLIBRI: Gen 2 (J20) 1979-83
IP COMMUTER: Gen 3 (U30) 1976-80
IP WARBLER: Gen 1 (H10) 1973-77, gen 2 (H20) 1978-82
IP FREEWAY STAR: Gen 1 (E10) 1977-88

THE 4A15
Despite the 1989 Freeway Star van being a new design, IP decided to just enlarge the old 4A engine as the entry level alternative. It kept the 76 mm bore from the 4A14, but the stroke was enlarged to 82 mm, meaning a capacity of 1488 cc. The 4A series was now only available in the Freeway Star, and only in one version (2 barrel carb, catalytic converter, 65 hp/105 Nm). In 1995, it was updated with a simple single point injection system, raising the power output slightly to 67 hp and the torque to 106 Nm, but reducing pollution and fuel thirst. In 2000, it got its last update with a modern multi point fuel injection system. It now had a power output of 69 hp and a torque of 113 Nm, but once again, the emissions and fuel economy was vastly improved.

IP FREEWAY STAR: Gen 2 (E20) 1989-09

With the old fashioned forward control 1989 Freeway star being replaced in 2010 by a modern, bonneted front wheel drive model, it also meant the end of the IP 4A series, after 43 years of duty.



The Celestia was originally released in 1963 to slot in between the IP Lily and the IP Icarus. The original bodystyles available was a 4 door sedan and a 5 door wagon. It kind of got a reputation as a “sporty” family car, being lighter than the Icarus while having more powerful engines than the Lily. When the second generation was introduced a coupé model joined the lineup. With the second and third generation, the GTX-H (“homologation”) model became kind of a halo car for IP, further enhancing the aura of sportiness around the Celestia. With the fourth and fifth generation, many people thought that the Celestia had started to lose its bite, that was however cured with the sixth generation in 1989, sporting futuristic styling and bringing the GT/TA-model to the market (Turbo All wheel drive) that sort of took over where the GTX-H had left in the late 70s. The wagon was axed with the sixth generation, leaving only the sedan and the coupé. With the ninth generation in 2004, the GT/TA was axed, and the eleventh generation in 2014 meant the end for the coupé, leaving only the sedan in the lineup.

Generation 1 (M10): 1963-67

Generation 2 (M20) 1968-72

Generation 3 (M30) 1973-77

Generation 4 (M40) 1978-83

Generation 5 (M50) 1984-88

Generation 6 (M60) 1989-93

Generation 7 (M70) 1994-98

Generation 8 (M80) 1999-03

Generation 9 (M90) 2004-08

Generation 10 (M100) 2009-13

Generation 11 (M110) 2014->



The Commuter was released in 1966. With the Lily growing out of its small car origins, a smaller alternative was needed. It was a very simple little car, with a pushrod inline 4, Mc Pherson struts up front, rear wheel drive and a leaf sprung solid rear axle. More or less the same formula was used for the first three generations, up to 1980.

In 1981 the Commuter switched to a transverse FWD layout, being the second IP model with that layout (the even smaller IP Colibri being the first one in 1970). The fifth generation in 1986 even offered an all wheel drive option but that was gone by the sixth generation in 1991.

In an attempt to shrink the large and somewhat confusing sedan lineup, the Commuter, as well as the Lily and Warbler, was replaced by the IP Dryad in 2005, even though the Commuter was built side by side with the Dryad until 2006.

Generation 1 (U10) 1966-70

Generation 2 (U20) 1971-75

Generation 3 (U30) 1976-80

Generation 4 (U40) 1981-85

Generation 5 (U50) 1986-90

Generation 6 (U60) 1991-1995

Generation 7 (U70) 1996-01

Generation 8 (U80) 2002-06


The Urbana was released in 1982, it was the smallest car IP made back then and it still is. Already from the start it followed the typical formula for a supermini with transverse engine, front wheel drive, minimal overhangs and a hatchback body. And with the exception of the second generation also being available as a sedan, it has stayed that way ever since.

Generation 1 (R10) 1982-92

Generation 2 (R20) 1993-01

Generation 3 (R30) 2002-09

Generation 4 (R40) 2010-15

Generation 5 (R50) 2016->



The IP Vagant was released in 1967 since the Icarus grew substantially in size for 1966, leaving a gap between the Celestia and Icarus. Through the years, the Vagant stayed pretty true to its formula, a large executive 4 or 6 cylinder coupé or sedan, with rear wheel drive, that slotted in between the Celestia and Icarus, being somewhat more luxury oriented than the more “sporty” Celestia.

That was, until 1989, when the six cylinder IP Lily was replaced with a FWD luxury sedan, somewhat smaller than the Vagant, that got the name…Vagant. To avoid confusion between the two lines, the larger RWD version was renamed the “Royal Vagant” for 1989 (so only 1988 models of the fifth generation carried only the “Vagant” moniker, making a 1988 model easy to identify). Though the FWD lineup will be a story for another time, what you’re looking at here is the RWD models only, 1967-88 Vagant and 1989-03 Royal Vagant.

The last IP Royal Vagant was built in 2003. There was no direct replacement, but the IP Bolero, that replaced the Icarus in 2005, was said to also occupy the spot that the Royal Vagant had left in the model lineup.

Generation 1 (Z10) 1967-71

Generation 2 (Z20) 1972-77

Generation 3 (Z30) 1978-82

Generation 4 (Z40) 1983-87

Generation 5 (Z50) 1988-93

Generation 6 (Z60) 1994-98

Generation 7 (Z70) 1999-03



The Rugger was originally released as a pickup truck or panel van version of the first generation IP Lily. In 1955 it became a model series on its own and a station wagon version was added. When the third gen (on its own platform) arrived in 1968, the panel van and wagon versions were gone, leaving only the pickup truck version. The fifth generation in 1980 added the option of 4 wheel drive and an extended cab. The sixth generation in 1987 also added the option of a crew cab, and due to the SUV craze, it also again spawned a wagon variant, the IP Terrex.

Generation 1 (Y10): 1955-62

Generation 2 (Y20): 1963-67

Generation 3 (Y30) 1968-73

Generation 4 (Y40) 1974-79

Generation 5 (Y50) 1980-86

Generation 6 (Y60) 1987-96

Generation 7 (Y70) 1997-05

Generation 8 (Y80) 2006-14

Generation 9 (Y90) 2015->



The IP Warbler was introduced for the 1973 model year to slot in between the Lily (that grew a lot for its fifth generation) and the still quite small Commuter. It was also a bit simpler in its construction, featuring a coil sprung solid rear axle instead of the independent suspension that the Lily had.

When the third generation was introduced in 1983, the Warbler went for front wheel drive, and also got a more advanced independent rear suspension.

The IP Warbler was produced until 2006, when its replacement, the IP Dryad, already had been on the market for a bit over a year.

Generation 1 (H10) 1973-77

Generation 2 (H20) 1978-82

Generation 3 (H30) 1983-87

Generation 4 (H40) 1988-92

Generation 5 (H50) 1993-97

Generation 6 (H60) 1998-02

Generation 7 (H70) 2003-06



The IP Icarus was introduced in 1960 as a more upmarket alternative than the Lily, and for its whole lifetime it stayed the most exclusive car in the IP lineup, except for the large Royalist limousine that was hand built in a few examples every year. The concept stayed more or less true to the original all the time, a relatively large sedan (or for some generations, station wagon), with mostly 6 (some 4) cylinder engines, rear wheel drive and a luxurious interior.

The IP Icarus was produced until 2004 when its replacement, the IP Bolero, was introduced.

Generation 1 (A10) 1960-65

Generation 2 (A20) 1966-71

Generation 3 (A30) 1972-79

Generation 4 (A40) 1980-84

Generation 5 (A50) 1985-91

Generation 6 (A60) 1992-96

Generation 7 (A70) 1997-04



The Pandora was introduced in 1975 as a cheaper and more practical 4 cylinder 2+2 sports coupé compared to the 6 cylinder 2-seater IP Flaire. Chassis wise, it borrowed most of its components from the IP Commuter, though the rear axle was the coil sprung unit from the IP Warbler. Afterwards, the later generations started to use more advanced technology, but the main concept was staying true to the original, until 2004, when a declining market for sports coupés made IP discontinue the Pandora.

Generation 1 (C10) 1975-79

Generation 2 (C20) 1980-84

Generation 3 (C30) 1985-89

Generation 4 (C40) 1990-94

Generation 5 (C50) 1995-99

Generation 6 (C60) 2000-04



The Ocelot was introduced in 1981 as an attempt to build a “personal luxury car”, with a more futuristic approach than the more conservative Vagant and Icarus models. It was also kind of a test bench for new technology. At its release it was available as a 4 door sedan or a 2 door targa coupé. The first generation Vagant had some interesting technology like a turbocharged V6 (in the top trim 3000 GLT model), electrically controlled fender mirrors, a keypad on the driver’s door for keyless entry, a monowiper that was said to be able to sweep a larger area than most dual wiper systems, and on the targa coupé, a removable glass roof panel above the front seats and electrically pivoting rear vent windows.

However, since there was a bit too much internal competition between the higher spec IP models, some restructuring of the model programme was done. The coupé version of the Vagant was deleted from the model programme and when the second generation Ocelot was introduced in 1986, the slow selling sedan was axed, leaving the coupé as the only alternative.

The Ocelot was discontinued after 1993, since IP now was concentrating on the Celestia when it came to introducing new technology in their cars.

Generation 1 (Q10) 1981-85

Generation 2 (Q20) 1986-93



The Colibri was the first IP to feature a front wheel drive layout with transverse engine when it arrived in 1970. It was a tad smaller than the Commuter, but due to the more advanced technology, there was not much of a difference in price. Since the second generation in 1979 grew a bit larger, IP introduced the even smaller Urbana in 1982 that was closer to the first generation Colibri in size.

Generation 1 (J10) 1970-78

Generation 2 (J20) 1979-83

Generation 3 (J30) 1984-88

Generation 4 (J40) 1989-94

Generation 5 (J50) 1995-00

Generation 6 (J60) 2001-05

Generation 7 (J70) 2006-10

Generation 8 (J80) 2011-15

Generation 9 (J90) 2016->


In 1989, the six cylinder IP Lily was replaced by the new, front wheel drive IP Vagant. The old, larger RWD Vagant now carried the “Royal Vagant” name to distinguish the model series from the new line of smaller, FWD Vagants. The Royal Vagant was discontinued in 2003, while the Vagant is still in production. Since the introduction in 1989, all models have stayed true to the same concept, V6 engine, front wheel drive and a 4 door sedan body.

Generation 1 (FZ10) 1989-94

Generation 2 (FZ20) 1995-99

Generation 3 (FZ30) 2000-04

Generation 4 (FZ40) 2005-09

Generation 5 (FZ50) 2010-15

Generation 6 (FZ60) 2016->


The Colibri Coupé was discontinued for the 1982 model year. Instead, a sporty coupé that slotted in below the Pandora was introduced, the IP Florette. Based on Colibri mechanics, it was of course front wheel drive, and recieved some criticism for not being very sporty. For the third generation in 1992, there was focus on improved driving dynamics and performance, which lead to that generation being more accepted as a sports car, despite still being built on a FWD compact platform.

Due to a shrinking market for sports coupés, the Florette was discontinued for the 1999 model year, with no successor at all.

Generation 1 (V10) 1982-86

Generation 2 (V20) 1987-91

Generation 3 (V30) 1992-98



The Flaire was introduced in 1960, as a 4 cylinder roadster, sharing lots of parts with the IP Icarus that was introduced as the same time, such as the engine and suspension. With the second generation, introduced in 1969, it turned into a 6 cylinder 2-seater coupé instead, a concept that it has been following ever since. The Flaire was the flagship in the IP sports car lineup for many years, and survived its smaller brothers, the Florette and Pandora. Nowadays the GT/TA (in itself a spinoff from the Celestia series) is placed a notch higher, though.

Generation 1 (N10) 1960-68

Generation 2 (N20) 1969-82

Generation 3 (N30) 1983-88

Generation 4 (N40) 1989-02

Generation 5 (N50) 2003-08

Generation 6 (N60) 2009-2021

Generation 7 (N70) 2022->



The IP Dryad was introduced for the 2005 model year. A shrinking market for sedans, and a lineup that was getting too crowded meant that IP replaced both the Commuter, the Warbler and the Lily with the Dryad, which since its introduction has only been available in one single body style, a four door sedan.

Generation 1 (UF10) 2005-11

Generation 2 (UF20) 2012-18

Generation 3 (UF30) 2019->